The Altaians or Altai are a Turkic people living in the Siberian Altai Republic and Altai Krai ( the federal subjects of Russia).
Altai is the ancestral home of the modern Turkic peoples of the world . Here in 552 ancient Turks created their own state - Khanate . It formed the primeval language of the Turks , have spread among all peoples kaganate thanks to the emergence of writing in connection with the state of the Turks , known today as " the Orkhon- Yenisei runic writing ".All this gave the appearance of linguistics the term " family Altaic " languages (which , according to its supporters include Turkic , Mongolian , Tungus -Manchu and Japanese- language ryukyuskaya branches , as well as Korean - isolate).
Altai is the center of Eurasia, in different historical eras united different ethnic groups and cultures .
The traditional religion of Altaians is shamanism . Before 1917 were subjected to Christianization.

Total number: about 80 000